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How to Put Roof Shingles in Place

How to Put Roof Shingles in Place

Installing a new roof improves energy efficiency. It also enhances the appearance of your home and safeguards it. Acquiring the skill of installing roof shingles will help you save time and money in the future.

This guide shows you how to properly install roof shingles in a few simple stages.

Pre-Installation List

Examine this list before beginning your project. This guarantees a secure and effective roofing installation.

  • Cut the grass. A tidy yard makes it simpler to spot roofing debris.
  • Reposition outdoor furniture further from the house.
  • Photograph the driveway before roofing supplies or a dumpster are brought in.
  • Take a stroll around the house and assess the grounds. Bring up issues like outside lighting. It’s also a good idea to remove or conceal fixtures that are not permanently wired.
  • Find external power sources required for cutting decking or ridge vents.
  • Locate a designated spot for items to be delivered (such as the driveway, side of the home, or garage).
  • Place vehicles on the street while work is being done, unless a truck is connected to a dumpster.
  • Make sure you can still reach anything you might need in the garage (cars, bikes, toys for youngsters).
  • Ensure there is adequate ventilation to prevent hot air from becoming trapped within your home.
  • Calculate the dimensions of ridge caps by measuring the length of the ridges and hips. Calculate the number of bundles of normal or hip-and-ridge shingles needed by dividing by 

Factors to keep in mind when measuring a roof.

  • Determine the breadth and length of every part of the roof.
  • Calculate the area by multiplying the width and length dimensions.
  • Combine the areas of each segment.
  • Split that amount by 100 to find the accurate number of squares.
  • Finally, multiply this amount by 3 to find out how many bundles are required.
  • Include around 10 to 20 percent extra for overage and waste.
  • Prioritize Safety
  • Qualified professionals who install roof shingles.

Prior to starting, make sure to get safety equipment. Equipment such as a harness, helmet, gloves, goggles, trousers, and a tool belt help ensure your safety when working on the roof. They also shield you from objects dropping from the roof if you are on the ground.

If you can, it’s helpful to have a companion or a few helpers assist you when working on the roof. Always adhere to the guidelines provided by the manufacturer that come with roof shingles.

Prepare the Roof

  • Individuals preparing the roof for shingles installation.
  • It’s crucial to work in a direct path and with a prearranged design.
  • Place tarps on the ground to collect debris falling from the roof. Start by taking off shingles with a roofing fork/shovel. Be careful to avoid causing harm to windows or siding while working. Utilize a hammer to remove the nails.
  • Take away metal flashing if necessary.
  • Clean the roof deck thoroughly to get rid of any remaining nails and debris.

Hint: It need approximately three sets of asphalt shingles to cover 100 sq. ft.

Set up Deck Protection & Starter Shingles

Individuals are placing underlayment and starter shingles.

Now it’s time to set up the roof deck protection. These roof parts serve as a barrier that protects your house from the weather, preventing water and low temperatures from getting in.

Drip edge on the edges. Begin by placing roof deck protection, also known as shingle underlayment, on top of the decking (plywood/OSB). Use chalk lines to figure out where you’ll place them.

Fasten the deck protection to the roof using cap nails. Make sure each row overlaps by a minimum of 3 to 4 inches. If you are in a region with severe weather conditions, you might want to think about utilizing a specific leak barrier protector.

Next, put in new flashing (metal flashing is commonly known as “drip edge” around the bottom of the roof near your gutters) and starter shingles at the edges.

Secure the drip edge in position by using a hammer and roofing nails. Always add flashing around a chimney and other valleys where two roof planes meet because these places are more likely to leak if not protected.

Hint: When putting on deck protection, start at the bottom and work your way up to the top of the roof.

Place Your Roof Shingles

The peak of a roof covered with shingles.

Now that you’ve successfully completed the underlayment and drip edge and planned your route, it’s time to understand how to put roof shingles.

Start by moving upward and then horizontally to begin placing your layers. Pay attention to the correct manner to nail so that nails consistently secure the top edge of the row below.

As an illustration: Use a hammer to drive one nail approximately 2 inches from each end of a shingle. Next, fasten another nail one inch above each opening. Therefore, the following layer of shingles should overlap the nails by 1 inch vertically.

As you proceed, adhere to the pattern of aligning a complete shingle with the next one and then securing it in place with nails. Adhere to the instructions provided by the manufacturer because each type of shingle has a unique cutting design.

Trim the final shingle in each row to fit, continuing this process up to the top of the roof. Once you get to the top of the roof, fold the shingle over the peak so that both sides are even and secure it with one nail on each side.

Repeat this process with the following shingle until you reach the far end of the ridge.

Trim the final ridge shingle to the required length, ensuring that no section of the roof is left uncovered.

Reminder: Ensure that you drive nails straight, not at an angle. Each shingle should be secured with four nails. Six nails are recommended for places that are windy.

We have all the materials you need to install roof shingles effectively. Explore our diverse selection of shingle designs and colors that are certain to match your budget and preferences. 

Conclusion

In conclusion, putting roof shingles in place requires attention to detail, proper technique, and adherence to safety precautions.

By following manufacturer instructions, using the correct tools, and ensuring proper alignment and sealing, homeowners can effectively install shingles to protect their roofs from the elements and extend their lifespan.

Regular maintenance and inspections are essential to identifying and addressing any issues promptly, ensuring the integrity of the roof over time.

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